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Iraqi Jews


    The history of the Jews of Iraq began, with the exile of the Jews of Palestine by the Assyrians and, later, the Babylonians. The deportation of Palestinian Jewry to Babylon occurred in three waves the first the Exile of Samaria, in which ten Hebrew tribes were exiled by the Assyrians. The second the Exile of Jehoiachin, in which ten thousand inhabitants of Jerusalem was brought to Babylonia by Nebuchadnezzar. The third the Exile of Zidqiah, which marked the end of the Kingdom of Judah, the ruin of Jerusalem and the destruction of King Solomon's first temple. About forty thousand Jews were exiled by the Babylonians during that time.

    In 1950, Iraqi Jews were permitted to leave the country within a year provided they forfeited their citizenship. A year later, however, the property of Jews who emigrated was frozen and economic restrictions were placed on Jews who chose to remain in the country.


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